Thermal Adhesives, TIMs, & Phase Change Materials
Thermal Interface Materials: Thermal Adhesives, Thermal Tapes, Thermal Film Adhesives, Thermal Greases, Thermal Gels, Thermal Gel Films, Thermal Gap Pads, and Compressible Phase Change Materials for Thermal Interface and Heat Dissipation Thermal Management Applications:
Choosing the proper thermal interface material from thermal adhesives, thermal greases, thermal gels, phase-change thermal pads, and thermal gap pads is a critical aspect of thermal management to ensure long-term reliability. For more than 25 years, AI Technology has provided state-of-the-arts materials and solutions for thermal management, including patented compressible phase-change thermal pads, the lowest thermal resistance thermal interface pads measured, the lowest thermal resistance greases used for over-clocking computing industries and the lowest thermal resistance diamond adhesives first used in supercomputers more than 15 years ago.
Every 10°C increase in chip junction temperature cuts the life of the device by half.
Besides pioneering the use of “phase-change” materials (PCM) as thermal interface materials (TIM), AIT has pioneered and provided the microelectronic packaging industry with flexible epoxy thermal adhesives for managing interfacial stress induced by a differential coefficient of thermal expansion between bonding adherends. These novel thermal management materials have found extensive use and success in critical military and aerospace applications. AIT patented compressible phase-change pads set the industry standard for reliable critical large area thermal management with the lowest thermal interface resistance.
The same stress-free dielectric adhesives have been adopted for use in insulated metal substrates with copper and aluminum clads. These thermal management materials offer unparalleled long-term reliability due to their ability to withstand repeated thermal cycling and stress-free bonding between the heat-spreader plate and the circuit layer. AIT also offers the same flexible epoxy pre-preg with high thermal conductivity for more advanced multilayer insulated metal substrate circuits and modules. This novel class of thermal management materials provides a platform and infrastructure for large area thermal management of power modules such as solar cells, LED panels, etc.
For more technical details on selections of high performance thermal interface materials, please click the link for: “Effective Thermal Management with Different Thermal Interface Materials for Different Applications (August, 2012)”
Thermal Adhesives and Thermal Interface Materials: Thermal Gels (COOL-GEL®), Thermal Greases (COOL-GREASE®) and Phase-Change and Compressible Thermal Pad (COOL-PAD™) and in-situ bonding pressure sensitive film pad and high thermal adhesives (COOL-BOND®):
AIT pioneered the use of flexible thermal adhesives and phase-change materials as thermal interface materials (TIM) including thermal pads (COOL-PAD™) and the patented compressible phase-change material in the thermal management of microprocessors of personal computers, power converters and supplies. COOL-PAD™ is a phase-change thermal interface pad material that handles like a plastic sheet but flows and performs like a grease during device operation and shows 200-600% improvement observed in usage.
Thermal interface material (TIM) that provides the lowest thermal resistance is critical for the performance and reliability of the high performance power devices. The lowest thermal resistance interface is generally not directly correlatable to the highest bulk thermal conductive interface materials. Please CLICK HERE FOR A VIDEO from AI Technology, Inc. for a detailed theoretical and practical considerations in using different thermal interface materials in thermal management of high performance electronic devices.
COOL-BOND® is a family of flexible thermal adhesives that provides unparalleled low thermal impedance with proven long-term reliability by not imparting any interfacial bonding stress. These high performance thermal adhesives are available as a thermal paste, thermal film or thermal tape for ease of application. COOL-BOND® PSA 3TC is a thermal film that is pressure sensitive to provide instant bond strength of over 100 psi that increases to a bond strength to over 1000 psi with heat on the interface generated by the power components or power modules.
COOL-GELFILM™ is a film thermal gel that can be applied without mess or spreading into unwanted areas. Once applied, it provides both instant tack and flow to minimize thermal resistance.
COOL-GAPFILL™ is a compressible high thermal gap pad with outstanding conformal capability to componsate for height differences of components in a circuit module or circuit board to efficiently spread out the heat generated. It is available with one or both sides tacky for different applications.
With continuous improvements and innovations, AI technology has made a patented compressible phase-change thermal pad as thin as 1 mil available for volume production use at the lowest possible measured thermal resistance. These thin bond-line thermal interface materials have proven effective in some of the most demanding thermal applications in industrial and computer gaming applications.
AI Technology has also applied its high thermal conductive solutions to high temperature interpenetrating polymer network materials to provide a CTE matched aluminum and copper clad thermal insulated metal substrate for high power and/or high temperature electronics applications.
Measured with a thermal resistance lower than all available industry “standards” and less than 0.005°C-sq.in/W, AIT thermal gels (COOL-GEL®), thermal greases (COOL-GREASE®) and COOL-PADS™ have proven themselves as the standard for the best thermal interface materials. COOL-SILVER™ has been tested and proven to surpass the best of thermal interface greases ever used in the overclocking computing community by a wide margin.
AIT has recently enhanced the thermal resistance reduction for some of the most critical applications in cooling CPU. The following chart represents the results based on the measurements in December 2009 comparing all of the best performing thermal greases that have been tested by “BenchMark Review.com” with the third generation COOL-SILVER™ GREASE. The same performance is now available with an easier than ever to use patented compressible phase-change COOL-SILVER™ PAD that measurably outperforms the best competitors in both thermal greases and pads.
Comparison of Thermal Interface Materials Performance: Lower temperature rise represents a measurement of the efficiency of the thermal interface material in transferring heat generated by the power electronic device to the heatsink (with fan) that dissipates heat to the environment by forced circulating air. The thickness of the thermal interface material also contributes significantly to the efficiency of heat dissipation and should be minimized as much as the physical configuration or construction permits. The effectiveness of a specific thermal interface material cannot be easily predicted by the claimed or even measured bulk thermal conductivity data or value: the thermal resistance of the thermal interface material to the substrate in its respective interface for a thin bondline or interface thickness is significant and represents the “coupling efficiency” that cannot be predicted and must be measured.
The data in the comparison of thermal interface materials is collected by using an Intel CPU and forced air heatsink as represented in the above configuration. A thermocouple is drilled and embedded at the heatsink junction that interfaces with the thermal interface material to provide direct temperature data at the interface for measuring the “coupling” of the specific thermal interface materials to the heatsink.
COOL-BOND® is an innovative thermal interface material from AIT that is pressure sensitive and provides immediate bond strength and in-situ curing to achieve >1000 psi thermal adhesive bond for heatsink and heatspreader attachment for thermal management.
COOL-GELFILM™ is another AIT innovation. It is a thermal interface gel in film form for ease of application for critical thermal interfacing requiring high reliability without heat of provision of clips or pressure.
COOL-GAPFILL™ is yet another of AIT’s enhanced thermal gap-filling materials that provides extreme thermal conductivity and thus unparalleled thermal interface resistance for board level multiple component thermal management. It is designed to provide conformability and compressibility to bridge the thermal gap of large boards and sensitive components. It is non-phase changing and silicone free and thus will not contaminate components.
Poor thermal management leads to more than 50% of electronic failures. AIT pioneered the first phase-change thermal adhesives in the early 1990’s. AIT’s products include many innovative forms of pastes and film thermal adhesives designed to both optimize heat transfer and improve the reliability of electronic devices during thermal cycling.
The failure rate for electronics increases exponentially with the increase in junction temperature. Specifically, the failure rate of an electronic device doubles with every 10°C increase in chip junction temperature. The ability to transfer and dissipate heat generated at the chip level directly affects the system’s reliability.
Efficient thermal transfer depends directly on the ability of thermal interface materials to fill in all interfacial voids and avoid creating internal voids of their own. Thermal interface materials must also have outstanding thermal conductivity. All of AIT thermal interface materials of thermal adhesives, thermal greases, thermal gels and compressible phase-change thermal pads are engineered and manufactured to satisfy these criteria.
In side-by-side performance testing of thermal interface materials, as represented below, COOL-SILVER™ G3 thermal grease, thermal gel, and COOL-SILVER™ thermal pads demonstrated more than 2-4°C lower junction temperature for the same medium performance CPU. The same applications for higher performance CPU and processors will accordingly yield even more dramatic thermal improvements and thus faster clock speed and lower junction temperatures.
AIT: “Every °C in junction temperature counts in device reliability.”
For a recommendation, information or assistance, please contact AIT sales and engineering:
AIT technical sales and service department can also be reached at: 1-609-799-9388 or 1-800-735-5040 (EST) and Fax: 609-799-9308